List of Neighbouring Countries of India With their Capital and Facts

List of Neighboring Countries of India With their Capital and Facts




Neighboring Countries of India

India is a large country in southern Asia. It is the second most populous country in the world, after China. India shares borders with seven countries: Afghanistan and Pakistan to the northwest, China, Bhutan, and Nepal to the north, Bangladesh to the east, and Myanmar to the far east. India also has maritime borders with Sri Lanka to the southeast and the Maldives to the southwest.

India’s location and geography have shaped its history and culture. The country’s long coastline has made it a center of trade and commerce for centuries. India’s diverse landscape has also contributed to its rich culture and heritage.


Neighboring Countries of India: Bordering States

There are a total of 9 neighboring countries of India out of which 7 share their land borders. The list of states that share the borders with respective countries is given below.

Neighboring CountryBordering States
PakistanJammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Gujarat, and Rajasthan
AfghanistanJammu and Kashmir (POK Part)
ChinaJammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttrakhand, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh
NepalSikkim, West Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttrakhand
BhutanArunachal Pradesh, Assam, Sikkim, and West Bengal
BangladeshWest Bengal, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura, and Assam
MyanmarArunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, and Nagaland
Srilanka [Sea border]An island nation in the Indian Ocean, southeast of the Indian subcontinent
Maldives [Sea Border]An island country in the Indian Ocean, South Asia, south-southwest of India.

Here is the detailed list of neighboring countries of India including all India border countries with flags of neighboring countries of India.

1. Pakistan

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Pakistan is located to the west of India and is one of the India border countries. Pakistan has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. The total land area of Pakistan is 7,96,095 sq km. The Indian states which share a border with Pakistan include Gujarat, Rajasthan and Punjab, and the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir. Pakistan separated from India after India got its independence from British rule. Pakistan celebrates its Independence Day on August 14, 1947. After the Independence, Pakistan was formed into two territories i.e. East Pakistan and West Pakistan. These two territories were geographically and culturally apart from each other. After a long conflict between these two, in 1971 a civil war occurred, as the result of which Bangladesh was formed. West Pakistan lying in the northwest of India became the Republic of Pakistan and East Pakistan became Bangladesh.

PresidentArif Alvi
Prime MinisterShehbaz Sharif
Official languagesUrdu, English
State/ Provinces4 Provinces
CapitalIslamabad
CurrencyPakistani Rupee
National GameField Hockey
National BirdChukar partridge
National FruitMango(Summer), Guava (Winter)
National TreeDeodar
National AnthemQuami Tarana
Highest peakK2
Longest riverIndus River
ReligionIslam
ParliamentNational Assembly (342 seats)
BorderRadcliffe Line

2. Afghanistan

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Afghanistan is also known as the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan in Central Asia. The total land area of Afghanistan spreads across 6,52,230 sq km and is known. Islam is the predominant religion in the country and the major dependence of the country’s economy is on Agriculture. Countries near India include industrial activities in Afghanistan including the manufacturing of cotton textile, woolens, woven carpets, and handicrafts. Pakistan-occupied Kashmir shares a border with Afghanistan.

President Ashraf Ghani (Former)
ParliamentWolesi Jirga (Lower House) (250 members)
Official languagesDari and Pashto
State/ Provinces34 Provinces
Capital and largest cityKabul
CurrencyAfghan afghani
National GameBuzkashi
National BirdGrey Peacock-the Golden eagle
National FruitPrunus persica
National TreeAfghan Pine
National animalSnow Leopard
BorderDurand Line

3. China

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The people’s Republic of China is located in East Asia and other Indian border countries. It is the most populous country in the world and also the 4th largest country in the world. The President of China is the head of the state. China lies to the north of India. Indian states that share their borders with China are Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, and Uttarakhand. China is one of the fastest-growing economies in the world. Both countries are connected by the Silk Road initiative and the exchange of Buddhism religion.

President Xi Jinping
Official languagesMandarin
State/ Provinces26 Provinces
CapitalBeijing
CurrencyChinese Yuan (CNY)
National GameTable Tennis
National BirdRed-crowned crane
National FruitKiwifruit
National TreeMaidenhair tree
National FlowerBluewater lily
National animalGiant Panda
Longest riverYangtze River
BoundariesJammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, and Arunachal Pradesh
ParliamentNational Assembly (2980 members)
BorderMcMahon Line

4. Nepal

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Nepal, officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a landlocked country. Nepal is located to the north of India. In terms of area, Nepal is the 93rd largest country in terms of land with an area of 1,47,181 sq km. The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu which is also the largest city in the country. Nepal has eight of the ten tallest mountains in the world world, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest. Tourism is one of the biggest contributors to the country’s economy. Nepal shares borders with UttarakhandUttar PradeshSikkimWest Bengal, and Bihar.

PresidentBidhya Devi Bhandari
Prime MinisterPushpa Kamal Dahal
Official languagesNepali
State/ Provinces7 Provinces
Capital and largest cityKathmandu
CurrencyNepalese rupee
National GameVolleyball
National BirdHimalayan monal (Lophophorus impedance)
National AnimalCow
National TreeFicus religiosa
National FlowerRhododendron
Highest peakMount Everest
Longest riverKarnali
ParliamentThe National Assembly (275 seats)

5. Bhutan

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Bhutan is situated to the north of India. It is officially known as The Kingdom of Bhutan and shares a border with the Indian states of Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Assam, and West Bengal. It is also a landlocked country and has an area of 38,394 sq km. The capital of Bhutan is Thimphu. The country has a constitutional monarchy. The major contributors to the economy of the country are Hydropower, agriculture, forestry, and tourism. Bhutan is the smallest neighboring country of India.

Name of kingDruk Gyalpo (Dragon King)
Monarch Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
Prime MinisterLotay Tshering
Upper houseNational Council
Official languagesDzongkha
State/ Provinces20 states
Capital and largest cityThimphu
CurrencyNgultrum (BTN)
National AnimalTakin
National Bird The Raven
National GameArchery
National TreeCypress(Tsenden)
National FlowerBlue poppy
Religion 77.4% Vajrayana Buddhism, 22.6% Hinduism
Lower houseNational Assembly (Tshogdu) 55 seats

6. Bangladesh

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Bangladesh officially called the People’s Republic of Bangladesh is situated in South Asia. Neighbors of India, Bangladesh shares one of the longest borders in the world. The capital of Bangladesh is Dhaka. Indian states of Assam, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya, and West Bengal share their border of Bangladesh. Bangladesh is the eighth-most populous country in the world (161 million) and also one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Bangladesh was initially a part of Pakistan and was known as East Pakistan but after the 1971 Liberation War took place, it gained independence.

PresidentAbdul Hamid
Prime MinisterSheikh Hasina
Official languagesBengali
State/ Provinces8 Provinces
CapitalDhaka
CurrencyBangladeshi Taka
National GameVolleyball
National BirdOriental Magpie-Robin
National FruitJackfruit (kathal)
National TreeMango Tree
National animalRoyal Bengal tiger
Highest peakKeokradong
Longest riverSurma
Religion70.2% Buddhism, 12.6% Hinduism
ParliamentJatiyo Shangsad (Bengali) and House of the Nation(English) (350 Member)
BorderRadcliffe Line

7. Myanmar

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Myanmar,  also known as Burma, officially known as The Republic of the Union of Myanmar is situated in East Asia. One of the neighbors of India Myanmar shares its border with the Indian states of Nagaland, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, and Manipur. Myanmar has an area of  6,76,578 sq km and is the largest of the Mainland Southeast Asian states. Naypyidaw is the capital of Myanmar. The military is now back in charge and has declared a year-long state of emergency. Military commander-in-chief Min Aung Hlaing has taken power. He has long wielded significant political influence, successfully maintaining the power of the Tatmadaw – Myanmar’s military – even as the country moved towards democracy.

Prime MinisterMin Aung Hlaing,
National anthemKaba Ma Kyei
Official languagesBurmese
National animalTiger
Capital and largest cityNaypyidaw
CurrencyBurmese Kyat
National GameCannibal
National BirdGrey Peacock-Pheasant
National FruitPadauk
National TreeGreen Peafowl
ParliamentThe House of Representatives (440 seats)
Highest peakHkakabo Razi
Longest riverIrrawaddy River
Famous festivalsThingyan, Kasone, Nayon

8. Sri Lanka

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Sri Lanka officially known as the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka lies near the southern area of India and is separated by Palk Strait. Sri Lanka has two capitals, the commercial capital of the country is Colombo where on the other and Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte is its legislative capital of the country. The president is the chief of state and the head of government in the country.  It is located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea. Being an island nation, Sri Lanka is a choice of many and makes a pleasant tourist destination in the world.

PresidentRanil Wickremesinghe (2023)
Prime MinisterDinesh Gunwardena
Official languagesSinhala, Tamil
State/ Provinces9 states
Capital and largest citySri Jayawardenepura Kotte
CurrencySri Lankan Rupee (LKR)
National GameVolleyball
National BirdCeylon (Jungle Fowl)
National FruitJackfruit
National TreeIronwood
National FlowerBluewater lily
Highest peakPidurutalagala
Longest riverMahaweli
Religion70.2% Buddhism, 12.6% Hinduism
ParliamentParliamenthua (225 seats)
Famous festivalsSinhala and Tamil New Year, Vesak, Poson Festival, Kandy Esala Perahera, Kataragama Festival, Vel Festival, Deepavali

9. The Maldives

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The Maldives is an island nation situated in the southwest of India officially the Republic of Maldives. Area wise it is one of the smallest countries in the world. It is spread over 298 sq km only.  The Maldives has more than a thousand coral islands. The Maldives is a presidential republic and the president is the head of the state. The capital of Maldives is Male.

PresidentIbrahim Mohamed Solih
ParliamentPeople’s Majlis
Official languagesDhivehi
State/ Provinces1 Only
Capital and largest cityMale
CurrencyMaldivian Rufiyaa
National GameFootball
National BirdWhite-breasted Waterhen
National FruitCoconut
National TreeCoconut Tree
National animalYellowfin Tuna

Neighboring Countries of India and their Capitals

The capitals of all neighboring countries of India are given below. Here is the list of neighboring countries of India & their capitals:-

Neighboring CountryCapitals
PakistanIslamabad
AfghanistanKabul
ChinaBeijing
NepalKathmandu
BhutanThimphu
BangladeshDhaka
MyanmarNaypyidaw
Srilanka [Sea border]Colombo & Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Maldives [Sea Border]Malé

 


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